Unit 23 Is 0ffice Gossip Helpful or Hurtful
Do you take part in office gossip? I don't like to think of myself as a gossip, but I have to admit I often do it In my turbulent industry，I justify my behavior -perhaps wrongly -by reasoning that gossip helps me get information and figure out what is going on.
Amid a rise in office gossip，researchers are disagreeing over whether it is fundamentally good or bad. Some defend it as a way of building bonds among people and sharing essential information. But others hold that office gossip can be savage and destructive, as the New York Times reports. (At one company, PrintingForLess.com, which has a strict no-gossip policy, gossiping about colleagues can become a firing offense.)
(1) In one case analyzed in a scholarly journal, middle school teachers' gossip about their principal became so poisonous that the principal retaliated, many teachers fled the schoo1 and students' test scores declined. In this case, gossip amounted to "a form of warfare that brought everyone down."
On the other hand, less malignant gossip that stops short of repeating lies or breaching confidences can serve as a source of understanding, (2) Gossip helps us analyze the motivations of other people, and enables those low on the food chain, in particular, to understand how power is used in their organizations, says this New York Times article. It is relaxing, it brings people together, and as a pastime it beats gambling, drinking or doing drugs，this reasoning holds.
Whatever side you take, gossip is here to stay. It is a universal human practice and it is too complex to say it is either good or bad, a University of Colorado researcher says. When researchers at Case Western University asked students to cite 1essons they had 1earned from gossip, the students gave these examples: "Infidelity will eventually catch up with you" and "Cheerfu1 peop1e are not oecessari1y happy." This positive dimension of gossip was featured receot1y in the news1etter Work & Family Life.
(3)I have seen gossip he1p co-workers in some places where I have work, giving rise to compassion or offers of support when someone is going though hard times. On the other hand, I have also seen gossip over an office romance, for example-distract people from the work and even force unwanted transfers.
1. In one case analyzed in a scholarly journal, middle school teachers' gossip about their principal became so poisonous that the principal retaliated, many teachers fled the schoo1 and students' test scores declined.
本句是一個復合句，主句是middle school teacher' gossip about their principal became so poisonous.其中about their principal介詞短語作后置定語，修飾gossip。后面that引導結果狀語從句，與so相呼應。前面in one case...journal介詞短語作狀語，其中analyzed in a scholarly journal過去分詞短語作后置定語，修飾case。
2. Gossip helps us analyze the motivations of other people, and enables those low on the food chain, in particular, to understand how power is used in their organizations, says this New York Times article.
本句是一個復合句。 says前面的成分充當says的賓語。其中 analyze...other people是help的賓語補足語。to understand... organizations不定式短語作enables的賓語補足語。其中bow引導名詞性從句，作understand的賓語。
3. I have seen gossip he1p co-workers in some places where I have work, giving rise to compassion or offers of support when someone is going though hard times.
本句是一個復合句。gossip help co-workers in some places where I have worked是省略了引導詞的賓語從句，作seen的賓語，其中where引導限制性定語從句，修飾place。giving rise to...hard times現在分詞短語作結果狀語。其中when引導時間狀語從句。